Ubuntu – Rebuilding Software Raid 1 with dmraid

Background
Recently, I had two Seagate 1TB hard drives fail. One was 4 years old and the other was the 3 month old warranty replacement. Luckily, I had two of these hard drives setup in a RAID 1 configuration. Since I have an Intel chipset, I also have Intel’s support for software RAID. After having configured this in the BIOS, I setup the Operating System side of the RAID configuration in Ubuntu.

Second HDD Failure
After connecting the second refurbished HDD from Seagate and while booting, I entered the RAID controller setup. In this screen, I saw that the new hard drive was automatically marked as ready to be used to rebuild the RAID configuration. After confirming yes, I booted into Ubuntu 11.10. The software RAID automatically started rebuilding itself. There are two main commands to monitor and confirm completion of the rebuild status. The first, gives a detailed analysis of the current RAID setup: sudo dmraid -s -v. The second, gives a detailed progress report on the re-build status: sudo dmsetup status.

Conclusion
The two 1TB hard drives usually take a few hours to completely synchronize, 2.5 hrs in my case. The process is very simple and easy.

Main Commands Used:
sudo dmsetup status (display progress)
sudo dmraid -s -v (display overall raid status, mirror and ok or nosync)

Properly Working dmraid Status:

j@j:~$ sudo dmraid -s -v
*** Group superset isw_ebdfjfbgdj
--> Active Subset
name   : isw_ebdfjfbgdj_JRaid1TB
size   : 1953519872
stride : 128
type   : mirror
status : ok
subsets: 0
devs   : 2
spares : 0

Needing to be Rebuilt dmraid Status:

j@j:~$ sudo dmraid -s -v
*** Group superset isw_ebdfjfbgdj
--> Active Subset
name   : isw_ebdfjfbgdj_JRaid1TB
size   : 1953519872
stride : 128
type   : mirror
status : nosync
subsets: 0
devs   : 2
spares : 0

Rebuild Progress Status (569/14905):

j@j:~$ sudo dmsetup status
isw_ebdfjfbgdj_JRaid1TB2: 0 102400000 linear 
isw_ebdfjfbgdj_JRaid1TB1: 0 1851117568 linear 
isw_ebdfjfbgdj_JRaid1TB: 0 1953519880 mirror 2 8:48 8:32 569/14905 1 AA 1 core

Helpful Links
http://techie.org/Blog/2010/09/03/how-to-rebuild-intel-raid-isw-on-linux/
http://nitinsharma.info/linux/fakeraid-on-ubuntu-using-dmraid-part2/

Hard Drive Details:
Both 7200rpm 1TB Seagate drives
ST31000333AS (4 yrs old – Part of the Seagate Barracuda 7200.11 family)
ST31000524AS (2nd Refurbished Replacement)

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One comment on “Ubuntu – Rebuilding Software Raid 1 with dmraid
  1. ban says:

    thanks for this article :) solved my problem!

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